In RSpec, the 'R' stands for Ruby and 'Spec' stands for Specification. A testing tool framework, RSpec is formulated in Ruby programming language to test the Ruby code. RSpec is a Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD) framework that is widely used in production applications by Ruby programmers. BDD employs a unique approach to software development by combining Domain-Driven Designs with Test-Driven Development and Acceptance Test-Driven Planning. RSpec assists users to perform the TDD by focusing on several aspects of documentation and design.
Steps for drafting RSpec for Model Testing:
Step 1: rails new RSpec_app_demo
Step 2: Add gem in gemfile “gem RSpec-rails”
Note: if using Rails 6, the user needs to write: “gem rspec-rails,4.0.0.beta2”
Step 3: bundle install
Step 4: rails generate rspec:install
It generates the spec folder in the application.
Step 5: rails generate Movie title director rate:integer
Step 6: rails db:create db:migrate
Step 7: The user can write the testing scenarios in the spec/model/movie_spec.rb.
Step 8: Add the validation for the model in the model.rb file.
Step 9: Run “rspec” on the terminal.
Step 10: The user can check the tested data in the terminal, which the user writes as scenarios in model id to check if they fail or not.
Add validations in movie.rb
After running any of these commands, the console should resemble as following:
Outputs like this help to quickly gain a higher understanding of how the object behaves. A comprehensive behavior-driven design process tool, RSpec enables users to write human-readable specifications to direct and validate the application development.